Semiconductor and Optical Materials

This work was dedicated to the research of the ternary compounds in the AI - BIII - CVI systems including syntheses, single crystal growth, phase equilibrium, properties; theories of formations of the complex compounds, crystallographic classification, and changing properties; and predicting the possibility of the existence of the new compounds and their crystal structure and properties. The complex compounds in the AI - BIII - CVI systems (AI - Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Ag, Cu; BIII - Ga, In, Tl; and CVI - S, Se, Te) are promising semiconductor, electro-optic, nonlinear-optic, luminescence, pyroelectric, and piezoelectric materials. Many of these have not been synthesized and investigated yet, which is related, to a significant extent, to technical difficulties in producing these compounds. The ternary compounds provide a number of benefits in comparison with single elements and binary compounds, especially, the AIBIIIC2VI type compounds can be useful for practical applications. 
- V.B. Lazarev, Z.Z. Kish, E.Yu. Peresh, and E.E. Semrad, “Complex Chalcogenides in the AI ‑ BIII - CVI Systems”, Publisher - Metallurgiya, Moscow, pp.240, (1993).

- Z.Z. Kish, E.Yu. Peresh, V.B. Lazarev, and E.E. Semrad, “Systematics and the Rules of Variations in the Properties of the AIBIIIC2VI - Type Compounds”, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater., 23(5), 777-784, (1987).

- Z.Z. Kish, “Formation, Crystallographic Classification and Properties of Compounds in AI - BIII - CVI Systems", Brochure, (2007),

Advanced Ceramic Materials

This work relates to the development of a new materials processing technology to fulfill the demand of industry in high performance ceramic materials. The developed technology is able to modify the atomic structure and chemical bonds in the treated materials leading to the unique combination of properties. These include high density and high thermal shock resistance, high level of toughness, hardness; chemical and wear resistance; and modified thermal and electrical properties required by structural and electronic applications. The technology exhibits the potential to extend the performance of advanced ceramic materials and subsequent products in structural uses, including automotive and aerospace components, pumps, power-generating equipments, ceramic cutting tool inserts, materials processing, and electronic applications while increasing efficiencies and achieving very favorable cost/benefit ratios.

- Z.Z. Kish, “Advances and Benefits of Newly Developed Ceramics for Industrial Applications”, Brochure, ATS Spartec Inc. (2006),

- B. Li, A. Mandelis, and Z.Z. Kish, “Photothermal Investigation of the Thermal Behavior of Alumina Ceramics for Engine Components”, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 95, (3), pp. 1042-1049 (2004).

Waste-to-Energy Technology

In response to global environmental challenges, a pure steam reforming process has been developed for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and other waste feedstock materials to produce clean and efficient renewable energy. The developed technology is a novel patented Waste-to-Energy conversion technology and is based on a unique pure steam reforming process that uses an indirectly fired rotary kiln at a high temperature and non-oxidizing environment. This technology thermo-chemically breaks down carbon based materials into a high quality synthesis gas (syngas), which can be used most directly for generating combined heat and electrical power and/or alternately synthesized into liquid fuels and chemicals, where feedstock can be sourced from a variety of wastes and renewable sources. The developed process effectively diverts MSW from landfills, converts it into clean energy and significantly reduces greenhouse gases.
- E. Dueck, Z. Kish, D. Kirk,  Pure Steam Reforming of Municipal Solid Waste, The International Solid Waste Association World Congress 2013, Vienna, 7th – 11th October 2013, p.9

Main Publications are in different scientific fields

Main Publications

High-Temperature Superconductors

This work is an overview of the research on High-Temperature (High-Tc) Superconductors including syntheses, films preparation, and investigating properties of superconducting phases in the Bi,Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and Y-Ba-Cu-O systems. 

The best samples of the Bi(2-x)PbxSr2Ca3Cu4O(12+y) films showed an onset of the superconducting transition at 170 K and the zero electrical resistance was achieved at 116.5 K. The film of YBa2Cu3O(7-x) also showed the superconductor behavior and the zero electrical resistance was achieved at 92 K.

- Z.Z. Kish, “Preparation and Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors”, Brochure, (2007),

Forms of State of Matter

In this monograph, it is proposed that in the universe, the state of matter exists in more forms than traditionally determined, such as solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. The forms of state of matter are determined by interactions of forces among particles in the materials system. The interaction summary of the forces can be considered as actions of the opposite forces. On the one side, these forces are repulsive forces (F), on the other side, these are attractive forces (P) among the particles in the materials system. The forms of state of matter correlate with the value of the |F|/|P| ratio in the universe. When the value of |F|/|P| is changing from 0 to ∞, the forms of state of matter are transforming in the following order: “Super-black-hole”, “Black-hole”, “Hyperon”, “Neutron”, “Super-solid”, “Solid”, “Liquid”, “Gas”, “Plasma”, and “Super-plasma”. Most matter transforms from one form to other at certain critical values of the |F|/|P|. In the universe, the chemical elements mostly exist in a relatively limited range of the |F|/|P| value. Based on this new concept of transformation of the states of matter, the possible evolution of the universe was reviewed.

- Z.Z. Kish, “Forms of State of Matter”, Uzhgorod State University, Uzhgorod,(1989), pp.21, Fig.1, Ref.5, (Monograph [in Russian], Dep. in UkrNIINTI),No.2278-Uk.89, 25.10.1989.